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Ladoga Fortress


Old Ladoga Fortress is the complex of fortifications dating back to 9th – 16th cc., which partially survived and were discovered by archeologists in 19th – 20th cc. They are located in the central part of Staraya Ladoga town.


History


Not later than 753 The first wooden construction is built in Ladoga.


862 The fortress is for the first time mentioned in chronicles: “Rurik built [of wood] the city of Ladoga”.


Turn of the 10th century Rurik’s city of wood and earth is replaced with the stone fortress built by Prince Oleg of Novgorod.


997 Norwegian Earl Eirik destroys Aldeigjuborg (the Scandinavian name for Ladoga).


1114 (1116) As reported in Kievan (1114) and Novgorodian (1116) chronicles, a stone fortress is built in Ladoga.


1140s St. George’s Church is built of stone in the stone fortress yard.


1153 - 1156 St. Clement’s Church is built of stone near the Ladoga Fortress walls.


1164 Ladoga and Novgorod troops fight the Swedes near Ladoga.


1240 According to a legend, Prince Alexander Nevsky has his sword blessed in St. George’s Church in the stone fortress yard.


1445 - 1446 Archbishop Evfimy II of Novgorod visits Ladoga. He starts the works to reinforce the 12th century fortress by facing the walls with stone. St. George’s Monastery is founded within the fortress.


15th – 16th cc. The firearms-period stone fortress is radically reconstructed. Five robust towers are built along the perimeter.


1584–1586 The military threat necessitated the construction of a wood and earth city in Ladoga with Russia’s first bastions.


1610 Ladoga is captured by three French companies under the command of Pierre de la Ville, part of Jacob de la Gardie’s Swedish expedition corps.


1617 According to the Stolbovo peace treaty, Ladoga is returned to the Moscow state.


1618 - 1630 A large volume of works is carried out to restore the stone fortress to the battle-worthy condition. The new wooden Gate Tower is built. New wooden walls are built on the Earth City ramparts.


1655 - 1657 Ladoga Fortress serves as the rear base for Russian troops in the war with Sweden.


1701 - 1702 Last fortification works in Ladoga after Peter I’s troops are defeated near Narva.


1702 In 1702 Russian troops concentrate in Ladoga before the march on Nöteborg (Oreshek).


1704 Peter I moves the district centre from Ladoga to Novaya (New) Ladoga. Ladoga is now called Staraya (Old) Ladoga.


1714 The garrison is withdrawn from the fortress. Staraya Ladoga fully lost its military significance.


1901 The issue of “preservation and restoration of one of the most precious – both because of its exclusive ancientness and because of its exclusive significance throughout Russia - Staraya Ladoga stone city” is raised at the regional assembly.


1945 Repairs of the fortress walls are started.


1965 - 1971 The Staraya Ladoga fortress complex is reconstructed. Gate and Clement’s Towers with the wall are restored to the design by architect A.E. Ekk.


1971 First exhibitions of the Staraya Ladoga Local History Museum are opened in the Fortress.


1984 The Staraya Ladoga historical, architectural and archaeological museum-preserve is founded.


2008 According to the federal program “Historical Memory”, the restoration of the north-western wall and Strelochnaya Tower is started (designed by architect S.V. Lalazarov).

Contact information and driving instructions


19 Volkhovsky pr., s. Staraya Ladoga, Volkhov District, Leningrad Oblast, 187412
Tel.: Touring Department +7 813-63- 49-070
E-mail: slmz@list.ru



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