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Castle to Castle

The Castle to Castle network takes you into the heart of both the East’s and the West’s colourful history. Sweden (with Finland as part of it) and Russia fought for centuries with each other causing their boarders to be intensively fortified with castles and fortresses. The rule of the castles changed many times, but today they represent the common cultural history and form a network of valuable and interesting cultural sites.

On these pages you will find information about Finnish and Russian castles and fortresses and their services to help you to plan your trip.


Castles and Fortresses

  • Turku Castle

    More than 700 years old, Turku Castle has served as a military fortress, an administrative centre, an extravagant residential palace, a prison, a warehouse and army barracks.
  • Häme Castle

    The history of Häme (Tavastehus) Castle spans over 700 years, reflected in its red-brick walls and towers, the museums of the region and numerous cultural events.
  • Suomenlinna

    Situated on a group of islands off Helsinki, Suomenlinna was built during the Swedish era as a maritime fortress and a base for the Archipelago Fleet.
  • Kronstadt Fortress

    Kronstadt (district, fortress, and harbour) are located on Kotlin island, or Retusaari in Finnish, about 30 km from the centre of St. Petersburg and Neva river.
  • Oulu Castle

    Only the stone cellar of Oulu’s castle from the 16th century remains. An observatory was built on top of it, and a summer cafeteria has been there for over a hundred years.
  • Kajaani castle

    Kajaani Castle is located in the centre of the current city of Kajaani. It is built on an island in the Kajaaninjoki River. This castle is the Nordic countries' last representative of medieval castle architecture.
  • Pskov Fortress

    The Pskov Fortress forms the architectural base for the whole of the town of Pskov. Its location close to an important water route made Pskov a lively trade centre.
  • Kärnäkoski - Partakoski

    The Kärnäkoski Fort and the Partakoski Redoubt were built in 1791, to serve as part of the new defence system for St. Petersburg. Located in a beautiful natural setting, the restored fort exudes tranquillity.
  • The canals of the Saimaa Fleet

    The main bases of the Russia's Saimaa Fleet in the late 18 th century were Lappeenranta and Savonlinna. Four lockless canals were built to link these bases.
  • The Ruotsinsalmi sea fortress

    The Ruotsinsalmi (Svensksund) sea fortress was built by Russia at the end of the 18th century. It was burned down by the Anglo-French fleet in 1855. The industrial city of Kotka was founded on the ruins in 1879.
  • Izborg Fortress

    Izborsk is one of the most ancient towns in northwestern Russia. In legends about Varangian princes who came to govern Russia in 862 Izborsk is mentioned as one of their capital towns.
  • Svartholma and Loviisa

    The Svartholma sea fortress and the Loviisa land fortress were built by the Swedes after 1743. Svartholma offers services for tourists in the summer.